Arabica coffee bean originates in the highlands of Ethiopia. After being introduced to the Arabica Peninsula in Arabia, was considered an esoteric drink and so it was named Arabica.

Arabica coffee plants were first grown in the 14th century in Arabia. Until the 17th - 18th centuries, this coffee variety was popular in many places. And up to now, Arabica coffee gets for 70% of coffee production worldwide. Arabica coffee beans are one of the best known and most popular coffee beans in the world.

Because of the sensitive nature of these coffee beans, they are highly demanding of certain climatic conditions and fertility of the soil to reach their full full and refined taste.

Arabica grows well at altitudes of 900 - 2000m above sea level, with rainfall of 1,500-2,500mm/year, suitable temperature from 15-25 degrees Celsius. Arabica has a small canopy, leaves are oval shaped and green, coffee cherries have oval-shaped and dark red. Normally, the tree can reach a height of 2.5m - 4.5m. some others growing in the wild that can reach a height of 10m. Arabica coffee has high economic value but hard to grow and care for, it has low productivity, and poor resistance to pests and diseases also. Usually after 3-4 years of planting, they can be harvested. Lifespan of Arabica tree is about 25 years old. Some others can reach a lifespan of 70 years under natural conditions.

Arabica beans have a lower caffeine content compared to Robusta beans. They also have a finer texture and smoother surface, often praised for their complexity and nuanced flavors. Flavors can vary depending on the growing region and growing conditions, but in general Arabica coffee beans have flavors such as chocolate, nuts, berries, flowers and citrus.

Because of their flavour and quality, Arabica beans are often used for premium and speciality coffees. They are the preferred choice of many coffee connoisseurs.

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